The periodontal disease affecting the gums is the most common oral health problem in the United States. It is estimated that about half of adults aged above thirty have some form of gum infection, which causes swelling, redness, pain, and even tooth loss. Periodontal diseases can considerably increase the risk for heart disease, diabetes, and even Alzheimer's. At Eaddy Cosmetic and Implant Dentistry, PLLC in Austin, Texas, we provide efficient periodontal therapies to protect your smile.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Gum disease is caused by plaque deposits, a sticky layer of bacteria that build upon the teeth. If the plaque is not thoroughly removed by flossing, brushing, and regular teeth cleanings, it will build up and produce toxins that can damage the gums. Periodontal diseases develop underneath the gum line and create tiny pockets that separate the gums from the teeth. Periodontal disease has two stages, namely gingivitis and periodontitis.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Gums that bleed easily
- Swollen, red, tender gums
- Gums recession
- Persistent bad breath
- Pus discharge between your gums and teeth
- Permanent teeth that are separating or coming loose
- Bite changes
- Any variations in the fit of dentures
Treating Periodontal Disease
Treatments for periodontal disease can vary depending on the severity of each case. Standard treatments include:
Non-surgical treatments such as scaling and root planing and antibiotic therapy
Periodontal surgery and laser gum surgery
Scaling & Root Planing
Periodontal disease, when diagnosed early, can usually be prevented employing scaling and root planing procedures. This essentially is a deep cleaning process that eliminates the plaque, tartar, and bacteria accumulations beneath the gum line, which is the infection's primary source. Once these harmful elements have been removed using special tools, the roots of the teeth are reshaped and smoothed (root planing), which encourages the healing process while also minimizing the chances of reinfection.
After the periodontal cleaning, we may prescribe antibiotics to prevent further infections. This may include an antibiotic gel applied directly to your gums or an oral antibiotic pill. The antibiotic therapy will help eliminate any remaining bacteria and ensure the full recovery of your gums.
Preventing Gum Diseases
Routine dental exams and teeth cleanings are vital for maintaining your oral health and smile appearance. You don't have to lose teeth to periodontal disease, and following efficient oral hygiene at home can greatly decrease your chances of getting gum infections. It would be best to brush and floss regularly, eat a balanced fibrous diet, and schedule regular dental appointments to help keep your smile healthy.
People residing in Lakeway, TX can book an appointment at the practice for all their dental needs. To learn more about our periodontal dental therapies, visit our office, Eaddy Cosmetic and Implant Dentistry, PLLC, at 900 Ranch Rd 620 S C200, Lakeway, TX 78734. You can also reach us at (512) 607-9996 and schedule an appointment.